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Tata Sons Wins Bid For Air India, 68 Years Later ‘Maharaja’ Returns To Tatas

The Tata Group submitted its bid for purchasing of national carrier Air India on September 15, 2021 (ANI Photo)

New Delhi: Tata Sons won the final bid for acquiring debt-laden national carrier Air India, which was founded by the company nearly 90 years ago. Talace Pvt Ltd of Tata Sons emerged as the winning bidder at Rs 18,000 crores. The transaction is expected to close by the end of December 2021, said Tuhin Kant Pandey, Secretary in the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM).

Talace Pvt Ltd, a unit of the holding company of salt-to-software conglomerate, made the winning bid of Rs 2,700 crore cash and Rs 15,300 crore in debt takeover.

Tatas outbid a consortium led by SpiceJet promoter Ajay Singh for Rs 15,100 crore and the government’s reserve price of Rs 12,906 crore for the sale of its whole share in the loss-making airline. According to Pandey, the purchase should be completed by December.

The new owners of Air India cannot lay off any employee for one year and can offer a VRS in the second, as per the terms of the transaction. Tatas are free to do mergers but cannot sell the Air India brand or logo for five years.

ALSO READ | New Air India Owner To Retain All Employees For At Least One Year, Can Offer VRS In Second

While this will be the first privatisation since 2003-04, Air India will be the third airline brand in the Tatas’ stable – it holds a majority interest in AirAsia India and Vistara, a joint venture with Singapore Airlines Ltd.

Air India will give it access to a fleet of 117 wide-body and narrow-body aircraft and Air India Express Ltd another 24 narrow-body aircraft besides control of 4,400 domestic and 1,800 international landing and parking slots at domestic airports, as well as 900 slots at airports overseas such as London’s Heathrow.

Besides, the bidder would get 100 per cent of the low-cost arm Air India Express and 50 per cent of AISATS, which provides cargo and ground handling services at major Indian airports.

With Air India, Vistara, and Air Asia having current combined market share of 26.9 per cent, the Tata Group will emerge as the second-largest domestic airline after Indigo once the consolidation of the operations of all three airlines is completed.

ALSO READ | ‘Welcome Back, Air India,’ Says Ratan Tata As National Carrier Comes Home

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Air India has been in losses since its 2007 merger with Indian Airlines. It has the dubious distinction of having the highest number of employees on its rolls per aircraft – its 221 employees per aircraft compared with 127 per plane at Lufthansa, 140 at Singapore Airlines and British Airways 178 employees per aircraft.

The transaction with Tatas does not include non-core assets including land and building, valued at Rs 14,718 crore, which are to be transferred to the government’s Air India Asset Holding Limited (AIAHL).

AIAHL will also hold Rs 46,262 crore remaining debt of the airline (Rs 61,562 crore total debt, of which Rs 15,300 crore will go to Tatas).

“Right now Air India is having losses of Rs 20 crore/day. So those losses after handover will not come to the taxpayers. The question is that when you have excessive debt and your equity value is deeply negative at (-)Rs 32,000 crore. So unless and until you reconstruct the balance sheet, the only option would have been to actually close down the company,” Pandey said.

Over the last decade, more than Rs 1.10 lakh crore was infused by way of cash support and loan guarantees in the loss-making airline to keep it afloat.

Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy (JRD) Tata founded the airline in 1932. It was called Tata Airlines then. In 1946, the aviation division of Tata Sons was listed as Air India and in 1948, Air India International was launched with flights to Europe.

The international service was among the first public-private partnerships in India, with the government holding 49 per cent, the Tatas keeping 25 per cent and the public owning the rest. In 1953, Air India was nationalised.

Tata Sons chairman emeritus Ratan Tata tweeted an old photograph of the company’s former chairman JRD Tata getting down from an Air India aircraft, minutes after Tata Sons regained control of the government airline – nearly 70 years after its nationalisation.

“Welcome Back, Air India,” he said. “The Tata Group winning the bid for Air India is great news. While admittedly it will take considerable effort to rebuild Air India, it will hopefully provide a very strong market opportunity to the Tata Group’s presence in the aviation industry.”

Tatas, he said, will have the opportunity of regaining the image and reputation it enjoyed in earlier years.

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“On an emotional note, Air India, under the leadership of Mr J R D Tata had at one time gained the reputation of being one of the most prestigious airlines in the world,” Tata said.

“Mr J R D Tata would have been overjoyed if he was in our midst today,” he said thanking the government for its opening of select industries to the private sector.

Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia said Air India’s return to Tatas marks a new dawn for the airline. “I hope the airline will continue to deliver on its mission of bringing people closer through its successful operations.”

Several Air India employees unions welcomed the takeover of the airline by Tatas. “We are most happy to hear that it will be the Tata group that is taking us over. We look forward to giving this company our best. And in return we are sure that the Tata group will ensure that a mutually beneficial working relationship will be kindled over the years,” said a committee member of Air India Boeing fleet pilots union, Indian Pilots Guild.

Separately, the Guild in a tweet said, “Guild Pilots is proud that @airindiain is an airline founded by India’s first licensed pilot and that the airline is going back to the Tata Group. We look forward to being a part of the Tata Family.”

Congratulating the Tata companies and Ratan Tata, All India Cabin Crew Association, which claims to represent a majority of the cabin crew members in Air India, said in a tweet, “It is a Gharwapasi for our great airline. Historic moment.”

This was the third attempt to privatise Air India. With previous attempts since 2017 failing to get any significant interest and after receiving feedback from potential investors, the government in October last year sweetened the bid clause relating to the transfer of Air India’s debt to the new investor, giving bidders flexibility to decide on the quantum of humongous debt they want to absorb.

The bids that came in were made up of 85:15 ratio of debt takeover and upfront cash.

Pandey said seven initial expressions of interest (EoI) were received in December 2020 for buying the Maharaja but only two met the qualifying criteria.

Civil Aviation Secretary Rajiv Bansal said the bidding conditions provide for Tatas to retain all employees of Air India for one year from the close of the transaction and can offer VRS in the second year.

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Air India has 12,085 employees – 8,084 permanent and 4,001 contractual. Besides, Air India Express has 1,434. In the next five years, about 5,000 permanent employees will be retiring, he said.

Tatas cannot transfer Air India India brand or logo for five years and thereafter can do so only to an Indian entity.

Pandey said the group of ministers, called Air India Specific Alternative Mechanism (AISAM), headed by Home Minister Amit Shah and which included Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal and Civil Aviation Minster Jyotiraditya Scindia, had approved the winning bid on October 4.

He, however, did not give any reason for not disclosing the approval immediately after that.

“The entire disinvestment process has been carried out in a transparent manner, with due regard to confidentiality of the bidders, through multi-layered decision making involving inter-ministerial group (IMG), a core group of secretaries on disinvestment (CGD) and the empowered Air India Specific Alternative Mechanism (AISAM) at the apex ministerial level,” Pandey said.

The next step will be to issue the Letter of Intent (LoI) and then sign the Share Purchase Agreement following which, the conditions precedent would need to be satisfied by the successful bidder, the company and the Government, he added.

(With Inputs from PTI)

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