The National Career Service data shows that until October of 2022 over 1.43 crore jobseekers registered with them out of which 95,24,181 were unemployed. At the same time, job postings totalled 15,22,276 till October, according to the fact sheet provided on the website under the Ministry of Labour and employment. The details of the job seekers – including age group and education qualification – and the jobs posted also gave insight into just who was applying and how many jobs were indeed available.
According to the education qualification, it was those who had passed their 10th standard that took the highest number of jobseekers registered at 40,39,414, which the jobs posted sought only 18,267 of those in this bracket. The next big chunk of job seekers was graduates at 33,84,391 registered, while the jobs posted looking for graduates totalled 6,56,122. The next education level which saw a sizable number of job seekers was those who had passed the 12th standard with 26,17,666. The jobs posted for this category were 1,34,099.
The fact sheet by the government also broke down the age groups of the job seekers, with 25-34 years old’s totalling 71,88,800, followed by 18-24 year old’s totalling 36,82,380 and then 35-44 year old’s totalling 22,01,074.
The Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) data shows the unemployment rate is at 7.7 per cent as on November 22, with a high of 8.5 per cent in Urban areas of the country, and 7.3 per cent in rural areas. Haryana’s unemployment rate topped 31.8 per cent followed by Rajasthan, where recently a Rozgar Mela took place in Ajmer, with an unemployment rate of 30.7 per cent.
The event saw Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually in attendance and giving out 71,000 appointment letters to newly inducted recruits on November 22. The Centre has said it is “working in mission mode to provide government jobs”.
Government jobs are still the crème that everyone wants with data shared this year in the Lok Sabha exemplifying this, with the fact that 20 crore people applied for central government jobs whereas about 7.2 lakh got recommended for the posts.
That’s the number of jobs in the last eight years since the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) took power at the Centre in 2014. While the question in the Lok Sabha in July of this year asked for the details of people who got permanent jobs in different central Government departments, the Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Jitendra Singh decided to respond differently. He said that the recommended candidates by recruiting agencies for appointment in different Central Government departments totalled 7,22,311 from 2014 to 2022. The number of applications the Centre received for said jobs was 22,05,99,238.
The year-wise data showed the maximum number of “recommended” recruits was in 2019-2020 at 1,47,096 followed by the year 2014-15 when the BJP government first came to power with 1,30,423 recruits. The least was in 2018-19 at 38,100, followed by 2021-22 at 38,850.
Importantly though, the government does promote the presence of private jobs and any increase thereof on its policies. The Rozgar event had seen Union Minister for Railways Ashwini Vaishnaw saying the Central government was generating about 15-16 lakh jobs every month. This he had said, linking it to the increase in Provident Fund subscribers, which he said had averaged to the said increase every month this year.
In April this year, new Employees Provident Fund subscribers increased by over 14 lakh, in June the numbers were again about 14 lakh, June saw a little over 15 lakh, July 15.6 lakh, August 14.5 lakh and September 14 lakh.