New Delhi: A new case of monkeypox was reported in Delhi on Tuesday after a Nigerian man living in the national capital tested positive. This became the third case of monkeypox in Delhi and the eighth in the country. There has been one death due to the infection in Kerala.
On Monday too a Nigerian man staying in Delhi tested positive for monkeypox. The 35-year-old man has no recent travel history. “This patient has maculopapular and vesiculopustular rashes over the thighs, face, etcetera. Right now, he has low-grade fever and skin lesions. We have kept him in an isolation facility,” ANI quoted Dr Suresh Kumar, MD, LNJP Hospital.
One Monkeypox Death
A 22-year-old man from Thrissur, who died on July 30, had tested positive for monkeypox making the fatality the first such one in the country. The samples sent to NIV (National Institute of Virology), Pune had returned positive and it was found to be a West African variant.
Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said the man, who reached the State on July 22, had earlier tested positive for monkeypox on July 19 in the UAE. “He was admitted to a private hospital at Thrissur on July 27 after his health deteriorated but his relatives informed the hospital authorities about the test result from UAE on July 30,” said state Health Minister Veena George.
Monkeypox infection causes fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes. It may lead to a range of medical complications. It is usually a self-limited disease. While the incubation period is usually from six to 13 days, the symptoms may last for two to four weeks.
The symptoms of monkeypox include lesions which usually appear within one to three days from the onset of fever. The lesions, which could last for around two to four weeks, could be painful until the healing phase, after which they become itchy. Palm and soles are most likely to be affected.
In its ‘Guidelines on Management of Monkeypox Disease’, the Centre said that human-to-human transmission occurs primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring prolonged close contact.
It can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or lesions, and indirect contact with lesion material such as through contaminated clothing or linen of an infected person. Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratch of infected animals or through bush meat preparation.
Monkeypox Case Fatality Rate
The case fatality rate of monkey pox has historically ranged up to 11 per cent in the general population and higher among children. In recent times, the case fatality rate has been around three to six per cent.
(With PTI inputs)