India witnessed a total of 2,189 cases of human trafficking in 2021 with a total of 6,533 victims reported, a majority at 4,062 were females. The National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) data released this month also reveals that while thousands are falling prey to trafficking, the court conviction rate was drastically in want at just 16 per cent, even as the police charge sheet rate of total cases reported was 84.7 per cent. So, while the total persons arrested in human trafficking cases were 5,755, there were 4,120 persons charged sheeted, but when it came to conviction just 64 persons were convicted.
Furthermore, the NCRB data shows the number one purpose for human trafficking was forced labour with a total of 2,704 victims, the majority of which were reported from Odisha with 1,018 victims, followed by Delhi which reported 451 and then Rajasthan which saw 404.
The second major purpose of human trafficking was sexual exploitation for prostitution with a total of 2,049 victims. Out of this, the maximum victims reported were from Maharashtra with 856, followed by Telangana with 584, then Andhra Pradesh with 223.
Next, the reason for human trafficking which took some precedence was domestic servitude a total of 475, with most cases from Odisha at 186, Jharkhand at 108 and Assam at 96. There were also 182 incidents of forced marriage reported. The data also reveals that victims below the age of 18 trafficked made up a total of 2,877, with Odisha seeing 497 trafficked, followed by Delhi with 437, Rajasthan had 417 cases of those trafficked who were below the age of 18.
Others with a high number of human trafficking victims below the age of 18 were Bihar with 311 Telangana which had 222 cases, then Kerala with 219 and Assam with 215.
One can also see through the data that the number of trafficking cases caught has increased in some states. Take Telangana’s cases which witnessed a total of 347 cases in 2021 reported. In the year 2020, the total number of cases was 184, while in the previous year it was even lesser at 137.
Next, Maharashtra came in a close second with 320 cases reported in total in 2020, higher than previous years where it was 184 in 2020, and higher in 2019 with 282 cases. Kerala too saw the number of cases of human trafficking increase with 201 reported in 2021, whereas in previous this was lower, in 2020 it was 166 and in 2019 it was 180.
Assam too witnessed an increase, while 2021 saw 203 cases reported, in 2020 a total of 124 were reported and in 2019, higher with 201 cases reported. Uttar Pradesh reported a total of 103 cases in 2021, in 2020 a total of 90 and in 2019 there were 48 reported. Haryana also witnessed some increase from the previous years with 37 cases, up from 15 in 2019 and 14 in 2020.