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India

PM Modi Chairs UNSC Debate, Lays Down 5 Principles for Maritime Cooperation

The meeting was attended by several heads of state and government of member states of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), including Russian President Vladimir Putin and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, and high-level briefers from the UN system and key regional organisations.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday called for a peaceful settlement of all disputed under as per the international during his a meeting that he chaired at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). He also said that the world should also come together to fight maritime issues and non-state actors that are a threat to peace.

PM Modi in his address on the “Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation” laid down five principles for inclusive maritime security strategy.

He also mentioned India’s strategic vision for maritime issues called Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) and how India will use it for sustainable use of oceans.

Stressing on the importance of oceans, Modi said that they were a common heritage and should be used judiciously.

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He also added that it was unfortunate that the maritime routes which are the lifeline of international trade are being sure for terrorism and piracy.

“We need a framework for mutual cooperation in order to conserve and utilise our shared maritime heritage. Such a framework cannot be created by any country alone. It requires joint efforts by all of us,” he said.

“The vision aims for a safe, secure and stable maritime domain. For free maritime trade, it is also necessary that we fully respect the rights of the seafarers of other countries,” he added.

1st Principle

PM Narendra Modi said in his first principle that maritime routes are a common heritage and countries should solve all the disputes and remove all barriers.

He said, “We should remove barriers for legitimate maritime trade. Global prosperity for all our nations depends on the active flow of maritime trade. Any hindrance in maritime trade can threaten the global economy.”

2nd Principle

The second principle that he talked about was solving international dispute as per international law.

Modi said that only through mutual trust in the oceans will the nations of the world be able to ensure global peace and stability.

3rd Principle

The third principle was about the unity of nations in fighting challenges posed by natural disasters and non-state actors across important maritime routes.

He added that India has taken several steps to address these issues in its maritime boundary.

“We have provided support for hydrographic surveying and training of maritime security personnel to several countries. India’s role in the Indian Ocean has been that of a net security provider,” he added.

PM Modi gave five principles for the world to establish peace and stability in the maritime routes (Source: Narendra Modi Twitter)

4th Principle

In the fourth principle, he talked about the preserving maritime environment and maritime resources.

He said that only through sustainable use will the nations of the world be able to enjoy the benefits of maritime trading./

“Our Oceans directly impact our climate and hence, it is very important that we keep our maritime environment free of pollutants like plastic waste and oil spills,” he said.

5th Principle

The final principle was of encouraging maritime responsibility so that every nation [plays a part in helping the maritime ecology to prosper.

“I’m confident that we can develop a global roadmap for maritime security cooperation based on these five principles,” he added.

He is the first Indian Prime Minister to address the United Nations Security Council Open Debate.

The meeting was attended by several heads of state and government of member states of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), including Russian President Vladimir Putin and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, and high-level briefers from the UN system and key regional organisations.

The open debate was focused on ways to effectively counter maritime crime and insecurity, and strengthen coordination in the maritime domain.

UN Security Council has discussed and passed resolutions on different aspects of maritime security and maritime crime in the past.

However, this is the first time that maritime security was discussed in a holistic manner as an exclusive agenda item in such a high-level open debate.

(With inputs from PTI)