New Delhi: The Election Commission announced the dates for the Uttar Pradesh Assembly polls on Saturday, January 8. Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections will begin from February 10 2022 and will continue till March 7 2022. The elections will take place in seven phases for the poll-bound state. The current term of Uttar Pradesh Assembly is ending in May. The poll body had convened a press conference at 3:30 pm, in which it declared the schedule for the polls in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa, Punjab and Manipur
The dates for the seven phases of UP elections are: February 10, 14, 20, 23, 27, March 3 and 7. Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2022 will take place in 403 assembly constituencies.
The Election Commission also stated that there will be no physical rallies on roadshows till January 15 over the growing Covid and Omicron concern. EC suggested that all parties must take the new way that is “Digital Campaigns” through virtual mode on digital platforms.
In 2017, the Uttar Pradesh polls were held in seven-phases spread over two months in the most populous state. BJP led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Amit Shah had secured a landslide victory as the saffron party and its allies won 325 seats in the 403-member Assembly.
As per electoral roll data w.r.t. 01.01.2022 as the qualifying date, the
number of electors in the State of Uttar Pradesh are 18 crores and the polling stations have increased by 18.49%.
Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2022 will take place in seven phases.
First Phase: Notification for first phase of 11 districts will be out on January 14 and polls will take place on February 10.
Second Phase: Notification for second phase of 9 districts will be out on January 21 and polls will take place on February 14.
Third Phase: Notification for third phase of 16 districts districts will be out on January 25 and polls will take place on February 20.
Fourth Phase: Notification for fourth phase of 9 districts will be out on January 27 and polls will take place on February 23.
Fifth Phase: Notification for fifth phase of 11 districts will be out on February 1 and polls will take place on February 27.
Sixth Phase: Notification for sixth phase of 10 districts will be out on February 4 and polls will take place on March 3.
Seventh Phase: Notification for seventh phase of 9 districts will be out on February 10 and polls will take place on March 7.
Measures To Control Covid During Polls
In view of prevailing Covid situation, Commission has issued detailed instructions for assured minimum facilities at each polling station. In addition, they will include Mandatory sanitization of Polling Station, preferably, a day before the poll. Thermal checking of voters at entry point of polling station location/Polling station, either by polling staff or Para Medical staff or Asha worker.
Face Masks will be kept in reserve for those electors who are not carrying their mask. Hand gloves shall be provided to the voter, for signing on the voter register and pressing the button of EVM for voting.
UP Poll Results 2017
The counting of votes for the Uttar Pradesh Assembly polls took place on March 11, 2017,in which BJP along with its allies won 325 seats. BJP alone won 312 seats with a vote share of around 40 per cent, while its ally Apna Dal (S) won nine and Om Prakash Rajbhar’s SBSP garnered four. It was a beyond expectation mandate for BJP.
The BJP handed a crushing defeat to the SP-Congress combine which finished a distant second, winning just 57 seats. Akhilesh Yadav-led Samajwadi Party (SP) had won 47 seats with 21.82 per cent votes and Mayawati’s Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) won merely 19 seats with 22.23 per cent votes.
On March 19, 2017, Yogi Adityanath was sworn in as the 21st chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. He headed a 47-member council of ministers that included two deputy CMs — BJP state unit chief Keshav Prasad Maurya and party’s national vice president Dinesh Sharma.
Key Issues To Affect Polls
In Uttar Pradesh some of the major parts that will play a vital role in changing mood of the voters and the polls are Unemployment from pre and post covid times. Another major factor that can turn the tables are the recent farmers agitation. Law and Order and Hindutva will undoubtedly will be a subject matter for all the political parties to look for in the elections.
Notably, OBC category always played a major role in the elections and parties have been hitting hard to get the section on their side during the elections. According to a 2001 ‘Samajik Nyay Samiti’ report, the backward castes make up 54% of UP’s population.
The Yadavs are the largest among these castes. After this comes the likes of Kurmi, Lodh, Pal and Nishad. In 2017, the BJP was able to corner a majority of the non-Yadav backward caste votes. As a recognition to this support base, the BJP had appointed Swatantradev Singh, a Kurmi, the party’s state president in July 2019.
Uttar Pradesh’s per capita income was barely half (Rs 41,023) of India’s average (Rs 86,659) in 2019-20. The per capita income of UP (at 2011-12 prices) is ranked 32 out of 36 states and Union Territories. The state’s economy has been one of the poorly performing economies of north and east India for decades is well known.
Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was forced to wait for his Ferozepur rally as his security was compromised after he arrived in the state. His convoy was stuck for 20 minutes due to a road blockade in the state. The blame game over the incident started after BJP leaders accused the Punjab government of security lapse.