New Delhi: International working president of Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) Alok Kumar in a letter to the Uttar Pradesh Law commission on Monday raised objections on the second part of the proposed population control bill in Uttar Pradesh which specifies more benefits for a couple having only one child. In his letter, he said that the Section 5, 6(2) and 7 of the Bill, which incentivise the public servants and others to have only one-child in the family, will result in ‘contraction of population’.
“We also notice that the Population Policy of Uttar Pradesh has an object to bring the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to 1.7 within a certain time limit. We suggest that Sections 5, 6(2) and 7 of the Bill as also the object of bringing the TFR to 1.7 needs reconsideration,” the letter read.
In an interview to ANI on Saturday, Alok Kumar said, ” We welcome the government’s move of bringing a law regarding population because the population is increasing like an explosion in the entire country. There is a consensus in the whole society about controlling the population growth.”
VHP leader had raised concerns against the second part of the proposed bill where it says that a couple having only one child will get some more benefits. He suggested that this provision might create a population imbalance among Hindus and Muslims. “The first part of this bill mentions that a couple having two children will get the benefit of government facilities. But, in the second part, it has been said that the couple having only one child will get some more benefits. We object to this part because it will create an imbalance in the ratio of Hindu and Muslim populations. The government should think again about this because it leads to negative growth in population,” he stated.
In his letter on Monday, Kumar said that “A two-child policy is considered desirable for achieving population-stability. A policy aiming at an average of less than 2 children per woman leads to a contraction of population over time. Such contraction has several negative social and economic consequences.”
The VHP leader further explained that in a contracting population, the ratio between the working age and dependent population may get disrupted.
There is a rise in the number of persons that each working-age person has to take care of. In an extreme case, the one-child policy would lead to a situation where there is only one working-age adult to look after 2 parents and 4 grandparents.
He cited the example of China, which adopted the one-child policy in 1980, and added that the policy was called the 1-2-4 phenomenon. To get over it, China had to relax its one-child policy for parents who were themselves single children of their parents. It is said that in China, the one-child policy was never applied to more than half of the prospective parents. Within about three decades, it had to be completely withdrawn.
For the Indian perspective, his letter said,” The imbalance has been growing in several states of India. The imbalance is becoming especially alarming in States like Assam and Kerala where the overall growth of population has declined. In both those States, the TFR of Hindus has declined far below the replacement rate of 2.1, but that of Muslims is 3.16 in Assam and 2.33 in Kerala. In these States, one of the communities has thus entered the contraction phase while the other is still expanding.”
“Uttar Pradesh should avoid getting into that situation. The policy needs to be tailored to redress the imbalance otherwise one-child policy may end up doing the opposite,” the letter said.
The Uttar Pradesh Law Commission has released the first draft of the proposed ‘UP Population (Control, Stabilization and Welfare) Bill, 2021’ in the public domain and invited public suggestions by July 19. Under the proposed population control bill in Uttar Pradesh, any couple who would follow the two-child policy will receive perks from the government.
The UP Law Commission chairman had informed that the new bill has provisions to debar people, who have more than two children, from benefitting government schemes.
(With inputs from ANI)