In a series of data that was presented by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs in the Lok Sabha on July 19, it was found that the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu is where the most number of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are subjected to various kinds of atrocities. As per the data, around 345 villages in 37 districts of the state were identified as ‘atrocity prone’ for Dalits and other marginalised communities.
The data which was released in response to questions raised by Telangana Rashtra Samithi MP Manne Srinivas Reddy and Congress MP Komati Venkatreddy points out that 27 villages in 7 commissioners were identified as “atrocity prone” during the year 2020.
According to section 21(2) of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989, state governments in India are supposed to identify areas where the members of the SC and ST communities are likely to be subjected to atrocities, as well as take measures so as to ensure the safety of such members.
The Union Government in their response in the Lok Sabha said that the State Governments of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands have identified the atrocity prone areas.
After Tamil Nadu, it was the state of Bihar which had the most “atrocity prone” areas – 34 districts, followed by Odisha with 19 “atrocity prone” districts and Rajasthan with 11 districts.
Among the southern states, Telangana had identified 66 villages in 9 districts as “atrocity prone” while the neighbouring state of Karnataka had identified 3 districts including various areas in the capital of Bengaluru as well.