With Earth’s weather and climate becoming more and more severe and unpredictable, ETH Zurich computer scientists and a team of European researchers are trying to create a “digital twin of Earth.”
The team are reportedly formulating their heads together to create a cross over of the earth sciences and computer sciences. As per ETH Zurich, under this simulation a data based system will be available for researchers and policymakers to examine multiple scenarios with different options.
“If you are planning a two-metre high dike in The Netherlands, for example, I can run through the data in my digital twin and check whether the dike will in all likelihood still protect against expected extreme events in 2050,” Peter Bauer, deputy director for Research at the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts and co-initiator of the project Destination Earth, told ETH Zurich.
According to the United Nations, extreme climatic events have become a common scene over the past 20 years now. As per a data, almost 1.23 million people lost their lives by 7,348 major natural disasters between 2000 and 2019.
However, two decades before that 1.19 million people were killed in 4,212 natural disasters in comparison.
The European Union had launched the Destination Earth initiative, with the aim to become climate neutral by 2050, to monitor and prepare for extreme weather and keep track of the health of the planet for the future.
Published in the Nature Computational Science, a group of scientists are working to advance the “digital revolution of earth-system sciences”, ETH Zurich reported.
The report further stated about the complexity of this simulation and said that the “complex processes of the entire Earth system”.
“We are willfully destructive,” Mami Mizutori, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction said in a statement about the UN report on natural disasters.
“Disaster risk is becoming systemic with one event overlapping and influencing another in ways that are testing our resilience to the limit. The odds are being stacked against us when we fail to act on science and early warnings to invest in prevention, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.”
This new innovation of creating a “digital twin of Earth” is a revolutionary step forward in technology, it is also important to make sure that countries around the globe are ready to face extreme weather in near future, the authors claimed.
“The apparent effects of climate change on our environment — in particular on the frequency of occurrence and the intensity of environmental extremes — require urgent political response and much faster progress in delivering skillful predictions of future change,” the authors added.