On July 26, Violence along the Assam-Mizoram Border Erupted. Stones were fired, Shots were fired and vehicles were vandalised. This violence isn’t an isolated incident. It highlights the long-standing inter-state boundary issues in the Northeast, particularly between Assam and the states that were carved out of it. To understand how the events turned violent, one needs to understand the ongoing Assam-Mizoram Border dispute.
At least 6 police personnel of Assam police were killed in these violent clashes.
While Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga exchanged charges of instigating violence, The Union Home Minister Amit Shah has asked the two leaders to find a way to resolve the dispute.
Assam and Mizoram share a 164.6 km long border that has seen clashes for decades with locals and border security forces accusing one another of intrusion.
The long-standing land dispute has its origin in 2 border demarcations of 1875 and 1933 of the British colonial rule.
Mizoram insists that the inter-state boundary should be demarcated on the basis of the 1875 notification, while the state of Assam opposes it view and wants the notification of 1933 to be enforced.
In an agreement between Mizoram and Assam, status quo was to be maintained in the no man’s land in the border area.
But in February 2018, there was violence when students’ union Mizo Zirlai Pawl built a wooden rest house for farmers on land that was claimed by Assam and was eventually demolished by Assam Police.
In October 2020, clashes erupted twice in a week over construction in Lailapur in Assam on land claimed by Mizoram.
The situation along the Mizoram-Assam border has been on the boil since June-end when Mizoram accused Assam of encroaching upon its land in the Kolasib district.
Earlier in June this year, two abandoned houses along the Mizoram-Assam border were burned down by unidentified persons, fuelling tension along the inter-state border.