Beijing: China’s ruling Communist Party (CCP) is set to ease birth limits to grant all couples in the country to have three children instead of two in view of the rising age of the population, a state news agency said on Monday.
This landmark shift in policy comes after census data showing China’s working-age population shrank over the past decade, with the number of people older than 65 also rising, adding to strain on the economy and society.
The ruling party in China had enforced birth limits since 1980 to restrain population boom, however, worries the number of working-age people is falling too fast currently.
During a meeting on Monday, conducted by the ruling party’s Politburo, decided China will be making major policies and measures to actively deal with the ageing population, the Xinhua News Agency said.
It also said the decision would “help improve our country’s population structure and help implement a national strategy to actively respond to the ageing population.”
Furthermore, party leaders also pointed out that further optimising the fertility policy, implementing the policy of one couple can have three children and supporting measures are conducive to improving China’s population structure, the report said.
The New York Times reports also suggested that the party’s announcement on Monday is very likely to revive longstanding complaints about the government’s invasive control over women’s bodies in China.
According to the 2020 census, there has been falling fertility rate in China. Chinese millennial couples are also reluctant to have children as the problem of affordable public healthcare, rising living costs and gruelling hours are worrying the world’s most populous country.