The International Day of Democracy, which is observed on September 15, provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.
History of International Day of Democracy
It was established through a resolution passed by the UN General Assembly in 2007, encouraging governments to strengthen and consolidate democracy.
Since the day was first observed in 2008, hundreds of parliamentary events have been held worldwide.
These have included photo competitions, workshops for children, live televised debates, radio phone-ins and meetings with civil society organizations.
Significance of International Day of Democracy
Democracy is as much a process as a goal, and only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals, can the ideal of democracy be made into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.
The values of freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. In turn, democracy provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights.
As per the United Nations (UN), the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis has resulted in major social, political and legal challenges globally.
UN Secretary General António Guterres has urged governments to be transparent, responsive and accountable in their COVID-19 response and ensure that any emergency measures are legal, proportionate, necessary and non-discriminatory.
“The best response is one that responds proportionately to immediate threats while protecting human rights and the rule of law ,” he said.
Theme of International Day of Democracy 2021
This year the UN will focus on “strengthening democratic resilience in the face of future crises.”