Stockholm (Sweden): Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi won the 2021 Nobel Prize for Physics given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The award-giving organization stated that the trio was awarded jointly “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems,” on Tuesday.
Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann were awarded one-half of the prize “for the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming”. Syukuro Manabe, 90, demonstrated how increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere lead to increased temperatures at the surface of the Earth. His work has laid the foundation for the development of current climate models, stated as per the Press Release of The Nobel Prize.
Klaus Hasselmann, 89, created a model that links together weather and climate, accoding to The Nobel Prize Press Release. His methods have been used to prove that the increased temperature in the atmosphere is due to human emissions of carbon dioxide.
Giorgio Parisi, 73, won the other-half of the Nobel for discovering hidden patterns in disordered complex materials. His discoveries are among the most important contributions to the theory of complex systems, stated as per the Press Release of The Nobel Prize.
A total of 218 individuals have now won the physics prize since it was first awarded in 1901. Earlier in 2020, Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. While Pernrose won the Nobel “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity”, Genzel and Ghez won it “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy”.