World Meteorological Day 2021: History, significance, theme and quotes

March 23, 2021 | Updated 5:01 pm

World Meteorological Day 2021: History, significance, theme and quotes World Meteorological Day is celebrated on March 23- Image Source (World Meteorological Organisation)

New Delhi: World Meteorological Day is observed every year on March 23. The day commemorates the establishment of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).

The day aims to highlight the importance of the role that people and their actions play in protecting the Earth’s atmosphere. The WMO is an intergovernmental body which was established on March 23, 1950. According to the website of WMO, ”“showcases the essential contribution of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to the safety and wellbeing of society”.

The day is observed to mark the establishment of WMO. It has a total of 193 member countries. WMO had originated from the International Meteorological Organisation (IMO), the notion of which is rooted in the Vienna International Meteorological Congress 1873.

WMO was established by the ratification of the WMO convention in 1950. After that the organisation became an agency of the United Nations (UN) in 1951. The WMO headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.

The theme for this year’s World Meteorological Day is ‘The Ocean, Our Climate and Weather’. As per the WMO website, the theme has been decided upon to depict the focus of the organisation on ‘connecting the ocean, climate and weather within the Earth System’.

Another reason for which this theme has been chosen is that 2021 marks the starting year of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) which concentrates on gathering support for ocean science as well as understanding the role that ocean science plays in the process of sustainable development.

Covering some 70% of the Earth’s surface, the ocean is a major driver of the world’s weather and climate. It also plays a central role in climate change. The ocean is also a major driver of the global economy, carrying more than 90% of world trade and sustaining the 40% of humanity that lives within 100 km of the coast. Recognizing this, National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and researchers regularly monitor the ocean and how it is changing, modeling how it affects the atmosphere.

WMO’s website reads, ”WMO, as the United Nations specialized agency for climate, weather and water, strives to support understanding the inextricable link between ocean, climate and weather. This helps us understand the world in which we live, including the impacts of climate change, and to help Members to strengthen their ability to keep lives and property safe – reducing the risk of disaster – and to maintain viable economies”.

Here are some quotes you can share on the occasion of World Meteorological Day 2021:

“The rainbow is the repercussion or refraction of rays of the sun in a concave aqueous cloud.” – Robert Grosseteste

Weather forecast for tonight: dark. Continued dark overnight, with widely scattered light by morning.” – George Carlin

Wind, earthquake, fire—meteorology, seismology, physics—pass in review, as we have been reviewing the natural forces of evolution; the Lord was not in them. Afterwards, a stirring, an awakening in the organ of the brain, a voice which asks “What doest thou here?” – Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington

“Meteorology has ever been an apple of contention, as if the violent commotions of the atmosphere induced a sympathetic effect on the minds of those who have attempted to study them.” – Joseph Henry

No one has a sorrier lot than the weatherman. He is ignored when he is right, but execrated when he is wrong.” – Isaac Asimov

It is the flash which appears, the thunderbolt will follow.” -Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire

A sky without clouds is a meadow without flowers, a sea without sails.” –  Henry Thoreau

“Every dew-drop and rain-drop had a whole heaven within it.” -Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

“Iris from the sea brings wind or mighty rain.” – Empedocles